Obama Risks An Oil Opportunity

By: Rachel Marsden

Because itís the U.S. Armyís Energy Awareness Month, it may be a good time to remind President Obama of oilís importance to economic security, and the role that wartime leadership and image play in getting your hands on it post-victory. He canít just quietly outsource and downplay war because itís icky, then call dibs on victory, as he has just done with Libya. Something has to give.


When Libyaís Muammar Gaddafi was killed in the fog of war last week, Obama was quick to praise the ďstrength of American leadership around the world,Ē while simultaneously bragging: ďWithout putting a single U.S. service member on the ground, we achieved our objectives, and our NATO mission will soon come to an end.Ē

How magical.


Letís cut through the spin: By ďAmerican service members,Ē Obama means soldiers in American uniforms deployed by the U.S. military. He didnít choose those words by accident. Americans working for private security firms contracted by the U.S. government are currently present in Iraq, Libya, Afghanistan and elsewhere, but conveniently donít technically count as U.S. soldiers.


Thereís nothing wrong with the government outsourcing of military efforts to arms-length entities ó many talented Special Forces and intelligence personnel have joined these private firms for the higher pay and greater freedom in mission choice. Not all of them are mall security guard types looking to play Lawrence of Arabia. The free market applies to their performance, with competent firms ultimately getting more and renewed opportunities. But outsourcing cannot be a substitute for strong, visible, top-down leadership.


The flip side of outsourcing is that when the commander in chief of the American Armed Forces can say, as with the Libyan mission, that America had no troops in American uniform officially on the ground, while the French were sending both hardware and hundreds of uniformed military ground personnel, itís then difficult to lay equal claim to the spoils of victory. In contrast to Obama, French President Nicolas Sarkozy appointed himself CEO of this war, made a trip to the region with Britainís David Cameron, and his secretary of state for foreign trade, Pierre Lellouche, is already making repeated visits to ensure payback.


As much as select ignoramuses will whine that the Libyan mission was about oil, the truth is that Libya wasnít even on the radar until Gaddafi started getting twitchy during the Arab Spring and clamping down on dissidents. This provided an opening for military action so firmly under the guise of humanitarianism that French leftists expressed the highest level of support for the war among all possible ideological groups in both the United States and France. If oil contracts are now in play, thatís just a perk rather than a cause of war in itself. Libya has to sell it to someone, and it may as well be to countries that share our Western values.


In trying too hard to project a lack of direct leadership and control in military action, as Obama has been doing ó particularly in contrast to his predecessor, George W. Bush, who took a strong top-down leadership approach and claimed responsibility for all military action overseas ó he risks putting America in a less competitive position to claim energy contracts.

Power and influence are synonymous with energy and oil. Russiaís Vladimir Putin figured this out a long time ago, and has figured out how to use oil hegemony to build a transnational empire including Japan, Europe, South America, China and the Middle East. Itís also why heís so obsessed with the Arctic at the moment. The Libyan oil presence of Russiaís state-owned Gazprom is now in jeopardy in the wake of Russiaís opposition to Libyan military action. This window of opportunity should have been a perfect, fumble-proof pass straight into Obamaís arms. If reports of the new Libya more tightly embracing sharia law prove correct, influence through energy could prove vital.


Ali Tarhouni, the Libyan National Transitional Councilís oil and finance minister, has already said that priority will be given to countries that helped Libya. Visibly, this includes France and Britain. Less visibly, it could also include America. Under George W. Bush, it would have clearly and in no uncertain or ambiguous terms included America. Thatís the problem with outsourcing leadership, responsibility and involvement: Rewards might end up being equally uncertain.

Image matters, and America canít afford Obamaís backseat-driving approach to wartime leadership ó particularly when oil is at stake.